- According to the Guinness Book of Records, Prague is the proud owner of the largest castle in the world!
- Charles Square is one of the largest squares in the world and was the largest town square in medieval Europe!
- The Old Town Astronomical Clock, also known as the Orloj, is probably the best preserved medieval astronomical clock in the world. It was installed on the tower of the Old Town Hall in 1410. Its creator was Jan Ondřejův, called Šindel, and the clockwork itself was made by Mikuláš of Kadaň.
- Charles Bridge, the oldest and most famous Prague bridge, one of the most visited and most photographed historic sights in Prague, is named after its founder – Czech king and Roman emperor Charles IV. Construction started in 1357. There is a legend that, when the bridge was being constructed, raw eggs were mixed into the mortar to strengthen the structure. The bridge connecting the Old Town and the Lesser Quarter is over 600 m long and approximately 10 m wide and is decorated by 30 baroque statues. The bridge is protected on both sides by the “bridge towers” – two of them on the Lesser Quarter side and the third one on the Old Town side.
- Astrology and alchemy were regarded as mainstream scientific fields in Early Renaissance Prague, and Emperor Rudolf II (1552 – 1612) was a firm devotee of both. His lifelong quest was to find the Philosopher’s Stone. Rudolf II spared no expense in bringing Europe’s best alchemists to his court. The famous English alchemist John Dee and his medium, Edward Kelly, also visited his court. When Rudolf II was a prince, Nostradamus prepared a horoscope for him. Rudolf II gave Prague a reputation as a magical town, and this is still reflected in Alchemists’ Alley, which is situated on the premises of Prague Castle. Rudolf II is also mentioned in connection with the ancient legend of the Prague Golem (a sort of homunculus or manlike monster, made of dry clay and brought to life by magic). Don´t miss out on the Golden Line and the Jewish Quarter tours, also filled with their own legends.
- Vyšehrad, the rock above the river with its dark outline. The traditions of this mysterious site are connected with ancient Czech legends. These tell of Princess Libuše, who foresaw the future glory of Prague from her seat at Vyšehrad. She sent a delegation to seek out Přemysl the Ploughman, founder of the ruling dynasty.
- The Strahov Monastery Brewery is located close to Prague Castle in the building of the Strahov Monastery, which was founded by King Vladislav II in 1142. The first documentation on the brewery comes form the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries.
- The Municipal House is one of the best examples of Art Nouveau architecture in Prague. It was on the site of the former Royal Court Palace, and was opened in 1912. The historic proclamation of the independent state of Czechoslovakia, on the 28th October 1918, took place here.
- TV Tower– The television transmitter tower is unique from a technical point of view, but at the same time this is a controversial structure.
- Prague’s National theatre and opera house. Enjoy the unforgettable atmosphere. As a student you go to performances for as little as € 7.
When in Prague, you can enjoy some original and even free walking tours around Prague.
You can also discover Prague on interactive map!